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Tanvi Jaluka was the program coordinator for the Gender and Development team, supporting the work of Mayra Buvinic and Charles Kenny. Previously, Jaluka spent time in the Netherlands working with the Center for Frugal Innovations in Africa to conduct research on women’s economic empowerment in Malawi. She also has a background in social justice activism at the Vassar College Women’s Center where she mobilized programming around gender and LGBTQ+ rights. Jaluka earned her BA in International Studies and Economics from Vassar College, focusing much of her undergraduate research on women’s financial inclusion in South Asia. She is fluent in Hindi.
Savings can help businesses expand, by enabling them to finance lumpy investments and absorb unexpected shocks. However, several barriers stand in the way of women firm owners in developing countries who want to increase their savings.
Under managing director Christine Lagarde, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has become a champion for gender equality. This note examines how much the IMF’s dialogue with its member countries has changed as a result of the labeling of gender as a "macrocritical" issue. In short, there has been increased attention to the issue as reflected in word counts and discussion of women’s labor force participation, but there is still a long way to go.
In 1995 India’s Self-Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) organized women waste pickers in Ahmedabad into a cooperative to improve their working conditions and livelihoods. Over time, this informal arrangement evolved into Gitanjali—a women-owned and -run social enterprise. With support from key partners, Gitanjali has generated social value, providing its members with safe and dignified work while increasing their earnings. While Gitanjali faces challenges in becoming a fully self-sufficient social enterprise, its experience offers insights for other initiatives seeking to provide opportunities for women to transition from informal to formal work.