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In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, multilateral development finance institutions t banks will be a critical source of financing and capacity support to build a resilient and sustainable recovery in developing countries? Are they adequately funded for the recovery? How can they better leverage existing resources, and act more cohesively as a system? The World Bank is unique among multilateral development banks (MDBs) in its global reach – how should it best use its resources? How should other MDBs better align allocation with financing needs and the emergence of global problems that require international solutions? What is the role of international, regional, and national development finance institutions (DFIs)? How can these institutions function better as a system of financial support for public and private sector investment in developing countries?
The World Bank is reorganizing. Bloomberg reports that president Jim Yong Kim has written staff about a shake-up at the bank’s highest levels in preparation for implementing an as-yet-to-be-announced new institutional strategy. Such can be unsettling for bank employees, some of whom will find their jobs on the line and others who may get new bosses. Is there any reason for the rest of the world to care?
In this paper we argue that neither the level nor the change in a country's trade/GDP ratio can be taken as an indication of the "openness" of a country's trade policy. In particular, we examine the ways in which terms of trade shifts have affected trade/GDP ratio over the past two decades, and find that the empirical evidence offered by the existing literature overstates the importance of trade policy in economic growth.