Ideas to action: independent research for global prosperity
Facilitating Environmental Migration through Humanitarian and Labour Pathways: Recommendations for the UK Government
December 14, 2021
The impact of climate change, environmental degradation, and disasters on migration and human mobility is receiving more and more attention, by policymakers, academics, and the press alike. While there are gaps in the evidence base, much suggests that the vast majority of people will seek to move in...
Addressing the “Root Causes” of Irregular Migration from Central America: An Evidence Agenda for USAID
December 10, 2021
In recent decades, the number of people migrating irregularly from the three Northern Triangle countries of Central America—El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras—has been increasing, putting pressure on the Biden-Harris administration to address the root causes of irregular migration and deliver “res...
Who’s Responsible for Climate Change? New Evidence Based on Country-Level Estimates of Climate Debt
November 22, 2021
In this paper, we introduce the concept of climate debt and provide country-level estimates through 2035 under a business-as-usual scenario. These estimates can help inform the debate on climate change by providing a clear view of which countries have (until the present) contributed the most to clim...
Mapping China’s Multilateralism: A Data Survey of China’s Participation in Multilateral Development Institutions and Funds
November 18, 2021
A considerable body of recent research attempts to shed light on China’s bilateral aid and finance flows, but there have been fewer efforts focused on China’s participation in multilateral development channels. As a result, China’s role across the landscape of multilateral institutions and funds is ...
Meeting the Global Health Challenge to Reduce Death and Disability from Alcohol, Tobacco, and Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption with Corrective Taxes
November 17, 2021
Behind the daily trauma of COVID-19 lies a larger and longer-lasting global health challenge resulting from the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, and sugar-sweetened beverages. Using a sample of 25 large advanced and emerging market economies accounting for three-quarters of global GDP, we show that ...
Navigating the Straits: Pull Financing for Climate and Development Outcomes
November 10, 2021
An increasing share of official development assistance is being used for climate-related activities. This trend is continuing despite the lack of comprehensive cost-effectiveness evidence to guide spending decisions and continuing concerns that few applications are effective or efficient mechanisms ...
Translating Results-Based Financing from Theory to Operational Reality: Lessons from the Practical Application of RBF at the European Commission
October 28, 2021
Results-based financing (RBF) is one of several broad approaches to finance official development assistance (ODA) “that attempt[s] to connect at least a portion of payment to the verified achievement of results.” Despite some relatively high-profile programs and pilots—and broad interest and curiosi...
How Do Humanitarian Donors Make Decisions, and What Is the Scope for Change?
October 28, 2021
In this policy paper we review donor responses to a survey and interviews to probe the effects of the broader political and economic context in which donors operate, and identify internal constraints on humanitarian funding, planning, and making allocative decisions. We identify and highlight percei...
Are Development Finance Institutions Good Value for Money?
October 26, 2021
Finance institutions take money from foreign aid budgets to invest in private enterprises. How much should they be given? We can make some progress on that question by looking at the return on investment in the form of higher real incomes for workers and customers, and comparing that to a cash trans...
COVID-19 and Women and Girls’ Health in Low and Middle-Income Countries: An Updated Review of the Evidence
October 25, 2021
In an updated review of how the COVID-19 pandemic has been affecting women’s and girls’ health in low- and middle-income contexts, we examine 247 studies between January and March 2021 (peer-reviewed papers, pre-prints, and working papers that met specific search terms, and contained empirical analy...