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Developing countries have made tremendous progress in narrowing the gender gap in school attainment, but this hasn’t translated to more equal life outcomes for girls. CGD’s research focuses on how education systems, as one tool for empowerment, can do more to increase gender equality outside of school.
We model household investments in young children when parents and older siblings share caregiving responsibilities and when investments by older siblings contribute to young children’s human capital accumulation. Having an older sister rather than an older brother improves younger siblings’ vocabulary and fine motor skills by more than 0.1 standard deviations.