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In the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, multilateral development finance institutions t banks will be a critical source of financing and capacity support to build a resilient and sustainable recovery in developing countries? Are they adequately funded for the recovery? How can they better leverage existing resources, and act more cohesively as a system? The World Bank is unique among multilateral development banks (MDBs) in its global reach – how should it best use its resources? How should other MDBs better align allocation with financing needs and the emergence of global problems that require international solutions? What is the role of international, regional, and national development finance institutions (DFIs)? How can these institutions function better as a system of financial support for public and private sector investment in developing countries?
The Future of IDA Working Group shows how IDA could adapt to changing circumstances. By 2025, IDA-eligible countries will be half as large in number and one-third as large in population; they will also be almost exclusively African and much lower performing economically. The working group explores the options available to IDA, from small tweaks to the status quo to bold alternatives for the future.
Ghana’s rapid economic growth and the recent GDP rebasing exercise put Ghana suddenly above the income limit for IDA eligibility. This paper considers the implications of the country’s new middle-income status.
This paper examines courses of action that could help the bank could adapt to shifting development priorities. It investigates how country eligibility standards might evolve and how the bank might start to break away from its traditional “loans to countries” model.
Historically the World Bank’s President was nominated by the USA and that person was then approved by the World Bank’s Board (and in a reciprocal agreement Europe nominated the head of the IMF). Now, discussions have begun “over how and whether to reappoint” Jim Yong Kim, when his first term ends next June. I agree with the World Bank Staff Association that we need to be able to have confidence in this process.