Ideas to Action:

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An image of greenhouse gas emissions
January 13, 2021

Valuing Climate Liability

This note looks at cumulative historical emissions but adds two adjustments to quantify countries’ liability for climate damage. First, we use recent thinking on carbon prices to cost emissions. Second, we allow that cost to fall for historic emissions and include a cut-off to reflect the rising certainty of climate damage.

The cover of the brief
December 22, 2020

All Foreign Policy Spending Should Take Gender Into Account

Always considering gender is smart foreign policy. Globally, gender plays a significant role in determining the barriers people face and the opportunities they have available to them—including their access to economic opportunities and leadership positions, or protection from violence or climate change impacts. When foreign policy ignores the gendered nature of these barriers and opportunities, policy decisions risk exacerbating inequality, slowing growth, and undermining the durability of peace agreements, among other detriments

A close-up of two people exchanging Nigerian Naira in a transaction.
December 21, 2020

E-commerce and Mobile Money for Poverty Reduction in China: Lessons for African Countries

Global e-commerce sales surged to US$25.6 trillion in 2018, up 8 percent from 2017. Leading the way are China (US$1.5 trillion), the United States (US$600 billion), and the United Kingdom (US$135 billion) holding the top three spots respectively. Yet Africa, with 17 percent of the world’s population, still lags behind both in e-commerce sales and the use of mobile money for online purchases. Why is this a problem?

Leah Lynch and Chung Tsz Chung
Cover of working paper 563
December 17, 2020

The Educational Impacts of Cash Transfers for Children with Multiple Indicators of Vulnerability

Cash transfers boost educational outcomes for poor children on average, but among the poor, which children benefit most? This study examines the educational impacts of cash transfers for children facing different challenges (e.g., being girls, orphans, among the poorest, and having low baseline exam performance), drawing on a randomized, community implemented conditional cash transfer program targeted to poor households in Tanzania.

The cover of the case study
December 16, 2020

From Displacement to Development: How Peru Can Transform Venezuelan Displacement into Shared Growth

This case study is part of the “Let Them Work” initiative by Refugees International (RI) and the Center for Global Development (CGD). It outlines the barriers Venezuelans face in Peru to economic inclusion, the impacts of these barriers, and the steps that the Government of Peru, international organizations, donors, and the private sector could take to overcome them.

A cover of a malaria paper
December 14, 2020

Malaria Case Management After the Affordable Medicines Facility for Malaria (AMFm): Availability, Quality, and Market Share for ACTs in Kenya’s Private Pharmacies

Between 2011 and 2016, the Affordable Medicines Facility-Malaria (AMFm) subsidy program substantially increased access to WHO prequalified artemisinin combination therapies (ACTs) through Africa’s private sector pharmacies and drug-sellers. While the program was rigorously and extensively evaluated, little is known about private-sector case management of malaria in the period since its discontinuation.

A cover image for a policy paper of domestic resource mobilization in low-income countries
December 10, 2020

Domestic Revenue Mobilization in Low Income Countries: Where To From Here?

Spending needs for financing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in developing countries are large and cannot be covered by external flows alone. This has made it imperative for these countries to raise more resources domestically over time—an urgency accentuated by the fiscal impact of COVID-19, possibly with a long-lasting impact on revenue-generating capacity.

Peter Mullins , Sanjeev Gupta and Jianhong Liu

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