It is widely recognized that social science research involving human participants should be based on the principles of “doing good” and “mitigating harm.” While research results are often shared with academics and policymakers alike, it is unclear whether—and how often—they are shared with the participants themselves.
CGD Policy Blogs
In early 2020, as the COVID-19 pandemic began to ravage the world, the European Union (EU) sprang into action with its member states and financial institutions to deliver a collective global response, laying the foundations of more unified European approach to international development that has been termed “Team Europe.”
Each year over two million secondary-school students across Nigeria, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia and The Gambia sit coordinated tests known as the WASSCE. In a new CGD working paper, undertaken by researchers from CGD and IEPA-Ghana, we look at English and maths papers in West Africa’s leading high-stakes exams and show that they can vary significantly in difficulty from year-to-year. If exams are not comparable over time then this has implications for countries that rely on results as they make education policy and for fairness for the candidates who sit them.
The UK Aid Cuts to UNFPA: Ripple Effects in Sexual and Reproductive Health Product Markets with Outsized Impacts for Women and Girls
The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) recently revealed that the UK government intends to cut aid to its supplies program by 85 percent, slashing Britain’s original 2021 commitment from $211 million to $32 million.
On January 1, 2021, the long-anticipated African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) became a reality. But AfCFTA’s potential might not be fully realized without stronger digital connectivity and effective policies that promote the free flow of data and information across member states to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaboration and reduce trade integration costs and address existing structural barriers to intra-regional trade in Africa.
To get a better picture of the effects of the pandemic on education in Pakistan, we carried out another round of our survey of students and parents. We found gender differences in learning loss, little engagement with government teleschool, dropping parental support for further closures, and more.
The Philippines has been hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic, with 1.06 million confirmed cases and 17,500 deaths as of May 3, 2021. These numbers are likely just the tip of the iceberg as the pandemic’s indirect health effects have largely gone unmeasured.
Violence in Schools Is Pervasive and Teachers Are Often the Perpetrators. Here Are Five Ways to Prevent It.
We examine the problem of teacher violence, drawing on studies from low- and middle-income countries. Teacher-perpetrated violence is widespread and unacceptable and the education sector must do more to eliminate it from schools. We offer five strategies that we hope will be helpful for policymakers, practitioners, planning interventions, and donors funding interventions.
I am very pleased to welcome Javier Guzman as the new Director of CGD’s Global Health Policy Program and a Senior Policy Fellow.
The DAC should consider whether alternative ways of measuring loans would strike a better balance between accurately measuring donor effort and incentivising lending to poorer countries, or if the latter is an appropriate objective for statistical rules.