Amidst the debate, fears, political polarization, and regrets surrounding globalization, we cannot ignore a central reality: much of it is not reversible or even resistable. As in other periods of human history where new connections are forged between geographies and civilizations—whether driven by empire building, technological change, regime change, or climate change-driven migration—Pandora’s Box, once opened, cannot be closed. We explore the major forces that will shape globalization in the future, and the policy and institutional changes needed globally and across a broad swath of countries.
CGD Policy Blogs
After a lengthy review of the Trump administration’s trade policy toward China, the Biden administration unveiled its approach on October 4th. It is the conclusion of the Biden administration that structural inequities in trade relations remain, and that China is not compliant with Phase I of the agreement it reached with the Trump administration. The American position, as outlined by US Trade Representative Katherine Tai, carries implications for African economies.
Among South Asian economies, Bangladesh is touted as a rising star. But is the praise entirely justified? Can Bangladesh now serve as a model for other countries, perhaps offering an alternative to the longstanding East Asian export-led growth paradigm? The jury is still out however, and the evidence raises doubt that the East Asian icons face serious competition from Bangladesh—at least not yet.
The ongoing negotiations over a US-Kenya trade agreement embody the contradictions and likely pitfalls in the Biden Administration's Africa policy. Despite assurances from its promoters, the potential agreement remains unpopular in African states. Many observers view such a deal as potentially undermining the AfCFTA and African economic unity. As the region’s population and economies continue to expand, African multilateralism is most likely going to get stronger over time. Therefore, for any trade deal to work in strengthening US-Africa ties in the long run, it must be seen by citizens in various African states to be mutually beneficial and consistent with African multilateral initiatives like the AfCFTA.
What’s the Latest Economic Research on Africa? A Round-up of Nearly One Hundred Studies from CSAE 2021
Each year around this time, the Centre for the Study of African Economies at Oxford University hosts its annual conference. In this post, we provide a bite-sized summary of every conference paper that we could find.
Two positive development stories emerged from the UK education sector last week: A new tutoring scheme is hiring Sri Lankan tutors for British children. And the UK Department for Education is proposing a new international teaching qualification, which could make international recruitment easier.
The Government Accountability Office (GAO) just released a new report examining the extent to which United States trade preference programs—including the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) and the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA)—protect and promote women’s rights and economic interests.
The global economy is gradually healing from the economic blows dealt by the coronavirus pandemic, but the recovery remains fragile and halting. Reduced trade is more a symptom than a cause of those trends—and what governments do in terms of additional fiscal stimulus will do far more to determine the shape of the recovery in the United States and other countries. Still, trade policy could be a factor, supporting or undermining the nascent recovery.
Three years ago, the government pledged “to help improve access to UK markets for world’s poorest countries post-Brexit." Our experts review whether they are still on track to meet this.
CGD has engaged in a series of conversations between CGD president Masood Ahmed and the Director-General candidates for the WTO, with a focus on the candidates’ views for how the WTO can amplify developing country voices in global trading systems.