February 6 is the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Unfortunately, in many parts of the world, FGM is still actively encouraged.
CGD Policy Blogs
Using the 1986 Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Act as a model, our proposal encourages US firms based abroad to mitigate the impact of discriminatory laws, and in doing so allow women to better access employment and participate fully in the workforce.
In any given economy, women make up at least half the work force. Yet in many countries, women hold fewer assets and earn less than men. We already know why: income inequality is a direct consequence of gender inequality, highlighting the importance of gender equality for development. In fact, an entire Global Goal has been dedicated to greater gender equality and the empowerment of women and girls. The question now is how to achieve that goal, and that’s what Susan Markham, USAID Senior Coordinator for Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment, discusses on this week’s podcast.
The importance of ID for empowering women and girls is spot-on, but so far discussions about identification and gender haven’t given equal attention to the other side of the equation. And new data shows that when it comes to identification and gender equality, we encounter a two-way street. Identification isn’t just critical for achieving gender equality; addressing underlying gender discrimination is essential to making sure that all people have identification and the benefits that come along with it.
In the US, more women than men die from heart disease complications; less consequentially, more female than male workers complain about office buildings being too cold during the summer. In Nigeria, farm households led by women are much less likely than those led by men to use modern agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers and farm machinery.
My recent blog on cash transfers as a tool for HIV prevention among adolescent girls and young women left out results from a number of recent evaluations that illustrate the importance of program design and, in particular, targeting the transfers to the poorest households in getting results in wellbeing. Tia Palermo, a social policy specialist with the Transfer Project at UNICEF Office of Research-Innocenti and UNC-Chapel Hill, wrote with an update, which I’m pleased to share with her permission.
Small Changes, Big Impacts, and Lingering Questions: The Inaugural Birdsall House Conference Series on Women
As part of our new Gender and Development program, CGD just hosted the first annual Birdsall House Conference on Women. This year’s session, “Small Changes, Big Impact: Creating Conditions for Women and Girls to Thrive,” explored the possibility that cheap and scalable aid-funded interventions could considerably improve the lives of women and girls. Short answer: small changes do have big potential, but their limits should be acknowledged — and they require continued study and fine-tuning in order to be more effective.
Last week’s Girl Summit DC focused on child, early, and forced marriage (CEFM), the consequences of the practice, and solutions that will allow girls to delay marriage and reach their full potential. The event generated discussion about potential solutions, and raised a number of issues CGD will be tackling through its new Gender and Development Program over the coming years.
We are dealing with a sexist data crisis. We know that poverty hits women and girls hard, but current data cannot precisely measure their poverty independently of that of families or households.