Some 2.4 billion people lack widely-recognized forms of legal identity. Over 600 million are children whose births have not been registered. How can wider access to identity – now recognized for the first time as a development goal in SDG target 16.9 -- help to achieve the SDGs?
CGD Policy Blogs
Rural Lombok seems a million miles from traffic-jammed Jakarta. It’s also a considerable distance to the nearest town where marriages and births can be registered. And this isn’t only a problem in Lombok. UNICEF estimates around 30% of Indonesian under-5s are unregistered (around 8m children), the 7th highest proportion of any nation. Without birth certificates these little ones essentially do not legally exist. I was in Lombok recently to see how Indonesia is trying to address this problem.
Enrollment in India’s biometric-based universal ID program Aadhaar is approaching the remarkable count of 790 million and nearing saturation levels — 90 percent or more — in some states.
India has embarked on a program using biometric identification to enable a shift from blanket price-based energy subsidies to targeted compensation payments based on actual, individual energy purchases.