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CGD Policy Blogs


A figure of the summary of costs and consequences to consider in COVID-19 vaccine HTA.

Who Gets a COVID-19 Vaccine and Who Pays? The Need for Economic Analysis

In 2020, epidemiological modelling went from relative obscurity to being central in helping governments, and the public, understand COVID-19 as it spread around the world. In 2021, with the emergence of effective COVID-19 vaccines, Health Technology Assessment (HTA) will be critical to making the best possible decisions in bringing the pandemic under control, particularly in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). In this blog we look at the potential of HTA to inform how much vaccine countries should buy, who should pay, and how vaccines can be most effectively delivered.

A close up of an oxygen tank and note paper with data filled in

We Can Stop Preventable COVID Deaths by Urgently Prioritising Medical Oxygen and Essential Critical Care

The COVID-19 pandemic is a critical illness crisis, with more than two million deaths worldwide and hospitals overburdened with 67 percent of COVID-19 admissions requiring oxygen. With the emergence of new variants and the rise of second or third epidemic waves, there is unprecedented demand for oxygen as a life-sustaining, first-line therapeutic and an essential resource when caring for the critically ill.

An image of the spread of COVID-19 around the world

We Must Stop Flying Blind: Building on Existing Systems In Low- and Middle-Income Countries To Improve the COVID-19 Response

COVID- 19 has brought a sense of urgency to decision-making that typically would have taken many months and years of deliberation. Central to this uncertainty is the glaring lack of knowledge on just how big the burden of COVID-19 truly is. The pandemic has highlighted concerning gaps in data and weaknesses in surveillance systems that have long hampered public health systems globally, especially in low- and middle- income countries (LMIC).

A close-up of some pills

Healthcare Technologies and COVID-19: Speed is Not Always a Good Thing

With a focus on tests, treatments, and a vaccine, we take a look at the emerging global clinical and economic evidence-base underpinning some of these technologies, the mechanisms (mostly global) for financing these commodities, and, finally, the decision-making processes for selecting technologies. This includes identifying the right subpopulations and negotiating a cost-effective tiered price across countries and regions.