Just telling adolescent girls in Kenya that the older the man the more likely he is to be HIV infected reduced the incidence of pregnancy (and presumably of HIV infection) - that's one conclusion of a randomized trial among schoolgirls in Kenya, reports Celia Dugger in the NYTimes.
CGD Policy Blogs
* This is a joint post from Sheila Herrling and Sarah Jane Hise.
In a meeting hosted by InterAction on Tuesday, staff of the Office of the Director of Foreign Assistance (OFA) provided an updated foreign assistance framework, as last reported by Sheila and me. There are some nice additions since the last round, including several recommendations from a working group of experts in development, diplomacy and defense organized by the Aspen Institute Global Interdependence Initiative. Most notably:
the addition of a category for global/regional issues;
clarification of the category “other USG agency contributions” over which Tobias would have coordinating but not budgetary authority; and
changing one of the basket titles from “reforming countries” to “restrictive countries,” to avoid the eyebrow-raising that the former titled inspired.
Recently DfID, the British aid agency, issued the third White Paper in its series on Eliminating World Poverty, this one focused on Making governance work for the poor. Yesterday I was privileged to join a panel at the IMF where Mark Lowcock, DfID's Director General for Policy and International, gave an overview of the immensely ambitious and wide ranging Paper and the rationale for the commitments it makes.
At a CGD event (presentation slides available) earlier today, Koos Richelle, Director General of the European Commission’s EuropeAid, laid out the priorities of his organization, the fifth largest source of development assistance, with refreshing candor and humor.
Some years ago, after the Jubilee 2000 debt-cancellation campaign wound down, Bono and other activists founded a group called DATA, based here in Washington, DC.
It is nearly a year since the leaders of the world’s most powerful nations met in Gleneagles in Scotland against the background of a popular campaign for the rich nations to do more to reduce global poverty. So it seems a good time to take stock of whether the commitments made at Gleneagles are being met. Several new reports do just that:
At a packed event last week launching the Brookings-CSIS book Security by Other Means: Foreign Assistance, Global Poverty and American Leadership, attendees from think tanks, congressional committees, government agencies and NGOs discussed the challenges of transforming U.S. foreign aid for the 21st century.
Washington – The Bush administration today abruptly suspended financial assistance to Ghana through its new Millennium Challenge Account (MCC), indefinitely postponing the schedule for signing a new compact in July. News of the suspension came the day after Ghana’s 2-1 victory in the World Cup. MCC CEO John Danilovich said the suspension was not because of any failure on Ghana’s part in the traditional MCC focus areas of ruling justly, investing in people, and economic freedom. He said "It’s a new area of concern.
The State Department’s new office of the director of U.S. foreign assistance, led by Randall Tobias, has released a foreign assistance framework (pdf) for “planning, budgeting, and reporting clearly set targets for meeting goals” for transformational development.
A new paper (pdf) from UNDP is very old wine in a new bottle. It purports to estimate the “cost” of halving poverty in 15 of the poorest African countries. It concludes that aid in the amount of about 13-25% of GDP could cause poverty to be halved there over the next nine short years.