Youth unemployment is widely considered a threat to development and to security. To reduce poverty and social instability, aid programs commonly provide youth with inputs to boost self-employment. We conduct an experimental study of Uganda‘s largest employment program, involving unconditional cash transfers to pay for vocational training, tools, and start-up costs. We find that most youth invest the majority of the transfer in vocational skills and business assets, and that these economic gains result in modest gains in social stability and declines in male aggression.
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